By David S. Mason
Highlighting the most important occasions, principles, and members that experience formed glossy Europe, this clean and full of life booklet presents a concise background of the continent from the Enlightenment to the current. Drawing at the enduring subject matter of revolution, David S. Mason explores the political, financial, and clinical factors and outcomes of revolution; the advance of human rights and democracy; and problems with eu id and integration. He intentionally avoids a close chronology of each kingdom and period of time through emphasizing the main the most important occasions that experience formed Europe. Fourteen concentrated chapters tackle such topical matters because the Enlightenment; the French Revolution and Napoleon; the economic Revolution; the theories and influence of Marx and Darwin; the revolutions of 1848, 1917, and 1989; the unifications of Germany and Italy; eu imperialism; the 2 global wars; the chilly warfare; the evolution and enlargement of the ecu Union; and present demanding situations confronting Europe. Any reader who desires a wide sweep of ecu heritage will locate this booklet an interesting narrative, supplemented with maps, timelines, sidebars, images, and a glossary.
“David Mason’s account of eu background from the Enlightenment to the current deals an authoritative synthesis of significant advancements during this diversified and complicated interval. Written in a lucid and fascinating variety, basically dependent and concise, this survey is either accomplished and readable. it really is well matched as an introductory textbook for school undergraduates.” —Jolanta T. Pekacz, Dalhousie college
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Extra resources for A Concise History of Modern Europe: Liberty, Equality, Solidarity (3rd Edition)
It superseded the Cross. Models of it were worn on breasts from which the Cross was discarded, and it was bowed down to and believed in where the Cross was denied. indb 28 12/4/14 11:19 AM The French Revolution and Napoleon 29 Within a month of Louis’s execution, Britain, Holland, and Spain joined Austria and Prussia in the war against France. The threat that the French revolutionaries posed to the monarchies of Europe was made more immediate and personal by the fact that Marie Antoinette was the sister of the ruler of Austria.
Cotton clothing, less expensive and easier to clean than wool and other fabrics, allowed poor people to become adequately clothed, and quickly grew popular in all social classes. The increased production of cotton in England eventually exceeded domestic demand, so, for the industry to continue growing, it needed markets outside the country. It found these markets in the New World, especially after the American War of Independence. The growth of slavery in the United States generated a need for cheap cotton textiles, which British merchants supplied, in which to clothe the slaves.
More numerous and less exalted were the provincial nobles, seigneurs, who owned estates, often with many peasants working their lands under various arrangements. There were also nobles who had few possessions and lived in genteel poverty, holding their titles and very little else. The Third Estate, the remaining 97 percent of the population, comprised everyone else and was responsible for the production of goods and provision of services. France, like all of Europe at the time, was overwhelmingly a rural society; the peasantry made up about 85 percent of the population and therefore the huge bulk of the Third Estate.