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Advance compliment for The Revenge of Geography
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Additional info for A Geography of Case Semantics: The Czech Dative and the Russian Instrumental (Cognitive Linguistic Research)
And involvement in an action", and that it "denotes the existence of its referent as independent of the action". The fact that the dative does not participate directly in the prototypical action likewise indicates its peripheral status, and its potential as an agent attests to its independent existence. The schema is also an accurate caption of the two characteristics of the dative recognized by Burston (1977: 273-274): "a) the participant in question regards the dative referent as a kind of beacon exerting an attractive force, [and] b) [the dative] entity is remote, able to escape total integration inside the narrated event".
70) is a suggestion made by one cleaning lady to another, and here the notion of possession is interpreted rather broadly. (70) moje podlahy Kdybys umyla pani Sulcove; my floors-Ace If-you washed Mrs. Schulz-DAT umyla i bych ti tak washed you-DAT and then would-I jejf okna. (in Pit'ha 1971) her windows-Ace 'If you would wash my floors for Mrs. ' Here the dative and possessive forms have virtually equal force, demonstrated by the fact that they are interchanged from one clause to the other. Two kinds of possession are involved: 1.
The other two meanings of this sentence are: penez. ' (28) knihu. utekla. ' Ludmila od nas utekla. gave poslala darek, sent gift-Ace darek gift-ACC pro tebe. ' ndm Ludmila-NOM b. Ludmila-NOM from us-GEN (32) a. ' Kdo b. ' vas Kdo za who-NOM If the dative referentis not the possessor of the directobject,it is possible for a "taking" verb to indicate benefitto the dative referent, and in such cases pro is admissible, as in (30). (30) a. Ja jsem ti z knihovny I-NOM am-AUX you-DAT from library-GEN wim who-NOM for prodal to auto?