By Jeremy Black
During this radical reassessment, Jeremy Black demanding situations the various proven assumptions in regards to the so-called army Revolution of 1560- 1660. He argues that it really is faraway from transparent army revolution did happen in this interval. certainly there's extra facts to signify that the outline will be utilized extra thoroughly to the next hundred years. This publication additionally re-examines the connection among army energy and household balance. instead of seeing the latter because the final result of the previous, Dr Black argues that it makes extra feel to determine the previous as a result of latter.
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Additional info for A Military Revolution?: Military Change and European Society 1550–1800
The French army rose from a strength of 70,00080,000 men in the late 1630s to 85,000 in August 1667 and around 120,000 in February 1672. As with other European forces, the French army expanded in wartime, rising during the War of Devolution with Spain (1667--8) to 134,000, before being cut to 70,000. Louis XIV resolved to increase the army to 144,000 for the attack on the United Provinces in 1672. By the end of the Dutch War in 1678 it had risen to nearly 280,000, about 164,000 of whom served in the field, the largest army in western Europe since that of ancient Rome.
Long supply trains followed those armies which received their supplies in whole or part from bases or magazines. It was calculated in 1744 that the siege train required by the Allied army in the Austrian Netherlands would 'amount to 10,000 horses and 2,000 wagons', at a cost of £50,000 for six weeks (Bodleian Library MS Eng. Hist. c. 46, 51). Those armies which lived off the land had to forage to a very considerable extent. Where a system of contributions had been arranged, by which intimidated areas provided supplies to prevent forcible foraging, troop dispositions had to maintain the basis offear.
Improvements were made in military medical care, but as the causes and means of transmission of several major diseases were not understood there was a limit to what could be done. The value of ventilated buildings, warm clothing and bedding and adequate food was increasingly appreciated in the barracks that were built in the eighteenth century as civilian billeting became relatively less important, but these facilities were difficult to provide in the field or at sea. Troops on campaign often slept in the open air.