By Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
This quantity offers a precis of the average background of the floor beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and over 2400 taxa) from North the United States north of Mexico. lower than every one taxon, the ecology, biology, dispersal strength, gathering recommendations and chosen references are given. The part on ecology contains the subsequent: altitudinal distribution, habitat, diel task and gregariousness. The part facing biology supplies info on seasonality, mating, gravid adult females or oviposition, tenerals, over-wintering, feeding, predation, parasitism and defence-mechanism. The part on dispersal strength, or the aptitude of dispersal, has been assessed whilst attainable utilizing 3 major standards: wing , flight facts (including light-trapping observations) and different locomotory behavior. The part on amassing ideas presents the easiest technique of catch. The part references checklist the main suitable papers, with applicable keywords, and an exhaustive bibliography facing the usual background of North American Carabidae is additionally supplied. This paintings follows the "Catalogue of Bousquet and Larochelle" (1993), "Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachydae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae together with Cicindelini of the USA north of Mexico) which supplied nomenclatural and distributional details on North American floor beetles
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Extra resources for A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27)
Macropterous. Frequent flier (to artificial lights at night). Moderate runner. Collecting technique. Pitfall trapping. Reference. Erwin, 1981 (natural history). Agonum (Olisares) rufipes Dejean, 1828 Ecology. Lowlands. Vicinity of ponds, lakes, brooks, rivers, and Sphagnum-bogs; moist places in forests; open forests. Moist soil composed of sand-mixed clay or of sand and gravel. Mostly nocturnal; usually sheltering during the day. Biology. Seasonality: January-October, December. Adults found overwintering under pieces of wood.
References. ° Lindroth, 1945, 1955a, 1963a, and 1968 (natural history); Sharova, 1981 (ecology); Hurka, 1986b (biology); Lindroth, 1986 (natural history); Koch, 1989 (ecology); Luff, 1993 (biology). Amara (Amara) aurata Dejean, 1828 Ecology. Lowlands and mountains. Ridges and vicinity of snowfields. Sheltering during the day at the base of stones. Biology. Seasonality: February-May, July-September. Tenerals: April (CA). Predators: bluebirds. Dispersal power. Macropterous, probably capable of flight.
Moderate runner. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; turning vegetal debris; turning drift material. References. Lindroth, 1955a, 1963a, and 1968 (natural history); Kirk, 1975c (ecology). Amara (Curtonotus) alpina (Paykull, 1790) Ecology. Lowlands, mountains, and alpine zone. Heaths, meadows, moraines, wastelands; the drier section of inundation areas of rivers. , Empetrum). Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under stones. Biology. Seasonality: May-September. Tenerals: August (ME, NH). Cannibalism observed in captivity.