By JANET GOLDEN
A Social historical past of rainy Nursing in the United States: From Breast to Bottle examines the intersection of clinical technology, social idea, and cultural practices as they formed family between rainy nurses, physicians, and households from the colonial interval throughout the 20th century. It explores how americans used rainy nursing to unravel toddler feeding difficulties, exhibits why rainy nursing turned debatable as motherhood slowly turned medicalized, and elaborates how the improvement of medical toddler feeding eradicated rainy nursing via the start of the 20th century. Janet Golden's learn contributes to our realizing of the cultural authority of clinical technology, the position of physicians in shaping baby rearing practices, the social building of motherhood, and the profound dilemmas of sophistication and tradition that performed out within the deepest house of the nursery.
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Extra resources for A Social History of Wet Nursing in America: From Breast to Bottle
Elaine F. Crane, "The World of Elizabeth Drinker," Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 107 (1983): 11-12. 86 Elizabeth Sandwith Drinker, Diary, 1734-1807. HSP. On the age at which the Drinker children were weaned, see Crane, "The World of Elizabeth Drinker," p. 27. 87 Unpublished file on Philadelphia Harpers. Genealogical Society of Pennsylvania. HSP. 34 A social history of wet nursing Harper was hired in the summer suggests the latter. Physicians recommended that women avoid weaning in the hottest months of the year, when infants were most likely to fall ill with cholera infantum - the name given to the gastrointestinal ailment that dehydrated and often killed young babies.
Rutman and Anita H. Rutman, " 'Now-Wives and Sonsin-Law': Parental Death in a Seventeenth-Century Virginia County," in Tate and Ammerman, The Chesapeake in the Seventeenth Century, pp. 153-82; and Walsh, " 'Till Death Us Do Part,' " pp 126—52. 31 Maris A. Vinovskis, "Mortality Rates and Trends in Massachusetts Before i860," Journal of Economic History 32 (1972): 201. , 47 (1990): 494. Archer sampled records of emigrants to New England. Most other estimates of maternal mortality come from studies of individual communities.
Often the feeding implements and the food itself became contaminated with harmful bacteria. 27 For this reason, families used artificial feeding as a last resort, when a wet nurse could not be found. The death of a mother often instigated a quest for a wet nurse. Seventeenth-century court records from Charles County, Maryland, reveal the efforts of Arthur Turner to find a woman to suckle his motherless child. His odyssey, which began at the home of one woman who was unable to wet nurse, led him to a Mrs.