By J.D. Holloway
I spent 4 months in New Caledonia in 1971 with the article of creating a quantitative survey of the night-flying macrolepidoptera with light-traps and an evaluation of the Rhopalocera and microlepidoptera. This fieldwork used to be financed through a central authority Grant-in-Aid for clinical Investigations adminis tered by means of the Royal Society, and through a provide from the Godman Fund. I committed yet another 3 weeks to sampling on Norfolk I. , and, with the aid of neighborhood naturalists, Mr. and Mrs. F. JOWETT, used to be in a position to produce a close account of the biogeography and ecology of the moth fauna (HOLLOWAY, 1977). This e-book is an account of the result of the hot Caledonian paintings, including stories of the geology, phytogeography and common zoogeography pre sented as historical past for the Lepidoptera fauna and its geography. past paintings at the macroheterocera, essentially papers by way of VIETTE (1948- 1971), had recorded no longer many greater than 100 species, a truly low overall contemplating the realm of the island relative to that of the Fiji staff the place the moths have been being studied by means of Dr. G. S. ROBINSON while the hot Caledonian excursion was once on the drawing board. The Fijian fauna then promised examine ably to exceed 300 species. obviously many extra species awaited discovery in New Caledonia.
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Extra info for A Survey of the Lepidoptera, Biogeograhy and Ecology of New Caledonia
Agathis grew in Victoria, Araucaria in Tasmania (GILL, 1961). The south coast of Western Australia supported a tropical or subtropical rainforest with Nothofagus dominant and Proteaceae and Casuarina subdominant (BEARD, 1977). Probably all Australia enjoyed a more humid, subtropical to tropical climate (GILL; SMITH, 1974). The Miocene flora of southern New South Wales, discussed by MARTIN (1973), included Nothofagus of the brassii pollen group, Phyl/ocladus, Dacrydium, Podocarpus sect. Dacrycarpus, Microcachrys, Drimys and Quintinia (Saxifragaceae), rainforest taxa with counterparts today in New Caledonia, 34 northern New Zealand and elsewhere in Melanesia.
Volcanics, produced mainly during this cool period, suggested that sea-level was not very different from that of today. The period of low sea-level followed by a rise above the present level described by GLENIE, SCHOFIELD & WARD could therefore either refer to the Messinian Regression and early Pliocene warming or to the later Pliocene cooling and a possible warmer period after that. During the Messinian Regression the second series of Lord Howe volcanics would have suffered little erosion and in Figure 4 the possibility of their extensive emergence and that of other areas to the north is indicated.
The more easterly half has been suggested by AUDLEY-CHARLES to represent a continuation of the Outer Banda Arc via Ceram and Buru that extends north from Sulawesi via the islands of Tifore and Maju and the westerly part of the Talaud group to the southern Philippines. , may be referable to Halmahera and the westerly part of the Outer Melanesian Arc. The Lesser Sunda Is. also consist of two approximately parallel arcs, the Banda Arcs. There is a consensus that the Inner Banda Arc (Bali, Flores, We tar, Wulur, Manuk and the Banda Is.