By Gaëlle Krikorian, Amy Kapczynski
On the finish of the 20th century, highbrow estate rights collided with daily life. Expansive copyright legislation and electronic rights administration applied sciences sought to close down new varieties of copying and remixing made attainable via the net. overseas legislation increasing patent rights threatened the lives of thousands of individuals around the globe dwelling with HIV/AIDS through restricting their entry to reasonable commonly used medicinal drugs. for many years, governments have tightened the grip of highbrow estate legislation on the bidding of knowledge industries; yet lately, teams have emerged around the globe to problem this wave of enclosure with a brand new counter-politics of "access to knowledge" or "A2K." They contain software program programmers who took to the streets to defeat software program patents in Europe, AIDS activists who compelled multinational pharmaceutical businesses to allow copies in their medications to be bought in negative nations, subsistence farmers protecting their rights to meals defense or entry to agricultural biotechnology, and school scholars who created a brand new "free culture" flow to shield the electronic commons. Access to wisdom within the Age of highbrow Property maps this rising box of activism as a sequence of ancient moments, concepts, and ideas. It gathers one of the most very important thinkers and advocates within the box to make the stakes and techniques at play during this new area noticeable and the phrases of highbrow estate legislation intelligible of their political implications world wide. an inventive Commons variation of this paintings could be freely to be had online.
Contributors: Ahmed Abdel Latif, Philippe Aigrain, Jeffrey Atteberry, Yochai Benkler, Yann Moulier Boutaing, Carlos Correa, Laura DeNardis, Sarah Deutsch, Peter Drahos, Hala Essalmawi, Rick Falkvinge, Sean Flynn, Vera Franz, Spring Gombe, Anil Gupta, Ellen 't Hoen, Charles Igwe, Eddan Katz, Kannikar Kijtiwatchakul, Gaëlle Krikorian, Lawrence Liang, Jiraporn Limpananont, James Love, Leena Menghaney, Viviana Munoz, Sisule F. Musungu, HeeSeob Nam, Chan Park, Eloan Pinheiro dos Santos, Achal Prabhala, Onno Purbo, Manon Ress, Caroline Rossini, Susan promote, Sangeeta Shashikant, Roberto Verzola, Jo Walsh
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Extra info for Access to Knowledge in the Age of Intellectual Property
13–21, 30, 17, 31. , p. 101. The globalization of informationalism has been spectacularly illustrated by the recent global economic crisis. The implosion of one exquisitely informational domain in the United States—that of structured finance—cascaded around the world, generating an unprecedently rapid contraction in global trade and production. 7 percent in 2009. World Bank, “Global Economic Prospects 2009, Forecast Update,” (World Bank, March 2009), available on-line at http://siteresources. pdf (last accessed February 1, 2010), p.
How precisely, though, should we understand the difference between knowledge and information? ”109 Thus, information is objective and external, while knowledge is the capacity to use information to create new information or to use information to generate technical effects in the world (knowledge as “know-how”). This is narrower than the definition of knowledge that we might derive from etymology or contemporary usage. ”110 The English word “knowledge” corresponds to the German kennen and French connaître, designating a kind of understanding that comes from the senses.
87 Why? Why would it matter where the drugs come from, as long as they come? For access-to-medicines campaigners, the issue is one of accountability and control. They argue that drug company donation programs are unacceptable because they leave power over life in the hands of private actors, who retain the privilege of charity, the privilege to make good on their promises or not. Overriding patents is cast as a way to insist instead on values of participation and accountability. The demand for access to medicines, like the call for free software, thus places the concept of democracy at the center of the A2K movement and opposes it to the despotic dominion conception of intellectual property.