Download Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing by Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius PDF

By Juha Räikkä, Jukka Varelius

This quantity gathers jointly formerly unpublished articles concentrating on the connection among choice model and autonomy in reference to human enhancement and within the end-of-life context. the price of person autonomy is a cornerstone of liberal societies. whereas there are assorted conceptions of the proposal, it really is controversial that on any believable realizing of person autonomy an independent agent must take into consideration the stipulations that circumscribe its activities. but it has additionally been prompt that permitting one’s suggestions to impact one’s personal tastes threatens autonomy. whereas this phenomenon has bought a few realization in different components of ethical philosophy, it has seldom been thought of in bioethics. This ebook combines for the 1st time the themes of choice variation, person autonomy, and selecting to die or to augment human capacities in a different and complete quantity, filling a huge wisdom hole within the modern bioethics literature.

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Thanks to the editors of this volume for helpfully articulating this ambiguity. 3 Adaptation, Autonomy, and Authority 33 is no constraint on HA2 that suggests the process must actually be engaged on the basis of reasons. It is enough to say, perhaps after the fact, that the process itself was valid, valuable, or otherwise endorsed by the person in question. HA3 retains the broad connection between autonomous preferences and reasons, but draws this connection in a slightly different way. HA3 holds that a process is autonomous if that process itself includes coming to preferences on the basis of reasons.

But the tricky aspect of adaptive preferences is that their rationality does not entail normative authority. But if Bruckner wishes to claim that such preferences “ought to play the same role our rational deliberation as the rest of our preferences” (Bruckner 2009, 311), this seems incorrect for many cases he cites, for reasons discussed here. 3 Adaptation, Autonomy, and Authority 43 it is hard to see how I could or would endorse or value that state if I adequately appreciated the status of alternative ways of living.

Elster 1981). Adaptive preferences block one’s own genuine evaluative attitudes insofar as maintaining our genuine attitudes, given facts about the way the world is, is worse; it is painful, frustrating, or otherwise disadvantageous. And hence it would appear that the essential fact of adaptive preferences, the fact that renders them a phenomenon at all, is that these preferences interrupt or mask our own genuine point of view. They are, for this reason, failures of autonomy. There’s another way to see this point.

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